William Somerset Maugham (1874-1965)
An English playwright, novelist, and short story writer born in Paris, Maugham is seen as one of the most popular writers of the inter-war period.
Attended the King’s School, 20C Canterbury. '20C' NEEDS TO BE EDITED OUT OF THIS LINK Two of his novels have obvious connections to Kent: Of Human Bondage (1915)is based on his experiences at King’s School and Cakes and Ale (1930) on the people of 20C Whitstable.'20C' NEEDS TO BE EDITED OUT OF THIS LINK
‘When they got out of the train at Tercanbury, Philip felt sick with apprehension, and during the drive in to the town sat pale and silent. The high brick wall in front of the school gave it the look of a prison. There was a little door in it, which opened on their ringing; and a clumsy, untidy man came out and fetched Philip's tin trunk and his play-box. They were shown into the drawing-room; it was filled with massive, ugly furniture, and the chairs of the suite were placed round the walls with a forbidding rigidity. They waited for the headmaster.’
Of Human Bondage
‘Blackstable consisted of a long winding street that led to the sea, with little two-story houses, many of them residential but with a good many shops; and from this ran a certain number of short streets, recently built, that ended on one side in the country and on the other in the marshes. Round about the harbour was a congeries of narrow winding alleys. Colliers brought coal from Newcastle to Blackstable and the harbour was animated. When I was old enough to be allowed out by myself I used to spend hours wandering about there looking at the rough grimy men in their jerseys and watching the coal being unloaded.’
Cakes & Ale
After his mother’s death Maugham was sent to stay with his uncle, who was a Vicar in Whitstable. He was sent to King’s school, Canterbury, Britain’s oldest public school founded in 597, and part of the Eton group. There he was isolated and bullied for his poor English, owing to which he later developed a stammer. In his novel Of Human Bondage Canterbury becomes Tercanbury, but King’s School retains its name. Maugham describes it thus, ‘The King's School at Tercanbury, to which Philip went when he was thirteen, prided itself on its antiquity. It traced its origin to an abbey school, founded before the Conquest, where the rudiments of learning were taught by Augustine monks’. In the novel Maugham’s experiences of being bulled at the prestigious school are portrayed, and the school is held responsible, ‘for the rest of the term he tormented Philip cruelly, and, though Philip tried to keep out of his way, the school was so small that it was impossible’. Maugham does not represent Kent in a favourable way in his other novel based on his life there, Cakes & Ale. Both central protagonists feel alienated in Kent. In the second novel ‘Blackstable’ – changed from 20C Whitstable '20C' NEEDS TO BE EDITED OUT OF THIS LINK – is a place where the main character feels ‘shy and lonely (not lonely in the body, for I spent all day at the hospital with all kinds of people, but lonely in the spirit).’ Both novels offer an interesting representation of Kent’s historic institutions from the perspective of a young outsider.
Maugham, Somerset W. Of Human Bondage. 1995. http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/351 Maugham, Somerset W. Cakes & Ale. 1930. https://gutenberg.ca/ebooks/maughamws-cakesandale/maughamws-cakesandale-00-h.html